Ch 2 - Notes and References 

1. Quoted by Lindy Burton in Vulnerable Children, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1968, p.91.

2. long footnote: read it in a separate file.

3. A. Kinsey et al., Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1948; Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1953. The Kinsey reports were the subject of a great deal of emotionally charged debate at the time of their publication, and much was written contesting the validity of the statistical data advanced in them. I myself place no absolute reliance on the data it will be seen later in this chapter that I quote from a study by Ramsey, which gives higher, and I believe more valid, figures than Kinsey's for boys' pre-adolescent masturbation but it is worth noting that in the long run the reports have earned themselves widespread acceptance as an important (though not definitive) source.

4. Kinsey, Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male, op. cit., p. 177.

5. B. Malinowski, The Sexual Life of Savages in North West Melanesia, Halcyon House, New York, 1929. ^

6. Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female, op. cit., pp. 104-5.

7. Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male, op. cit., p. 178.

8. Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female, op. cit., p. 116.

9. Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male, op. cit., p. 179.

10. Clellan S. Ford and Frank A. Beach, Patterns of Sexual Behaviour, Harper & Row, New York, 1951, pp.201-2.

11. B. Malinowski, The Sexual Life of Savages in North West Melanesia, Halcyon House, New York, 1929.

12. Ibid., pp. 48-9.

13. Ford and Beach, op. cit., pp. 202-4.

14. Ibid., pp. 139-40.

15. A detailed and humorously related account of several disaster-strewn attempts to shed his virginity (embarrassments and failures being caused simply by the sexual ignorance of either partner) is given by one man in. Money and P. Tucker, Sexual Signatures, Little Brown, Boston, 1975, pp. 210-13.

16. C. M. Johnston and R.W. Deisher, 'Contemporary communal child rearing: a first analysis', Paediatrics, Vol.52, No.3, 1973, pp. 319-26.

17. Ibid., pp. 324-5.

18. Ibid., p. 326.

19. Bermant and J.M. Davidson, Biological Bases of Sexual Behaviour, Harper & Row, New York, 1974, Chapters 5 and 8.

20. Kinsey, Sexual Behaviour in the Human Male, op. cit., p. 195.

21. A. Moll, The Sexual Lift of the Child, Macmillan, London, 1912, p. 134. Moll describes the case of a boy of seven who felt a passion for adult men, especially soldiers.

22. L. Bender and A. Blau, 'The reaction of children to sexual relations with adults', American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol.7, 1937, pp. 500-18.

23. Ibid., p.503.

24. I believe Bender and Blau meant simply that he was introduced to anal intercourse. There is no suggestion, nor ought there to be, that this experience would determine his future sexual orientation. See Chapter 3.

25. Bender and Blau, op. cit., pp. 509-10.

26. J. Weiss et al., 'A study of girl sex victims', Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol.29, 1955, pp. 1-27.

27. Ibid., p.7.

28. Wilhelm Stekel, in his Patterns of Psychosexual Infantilism, Liveright, New York, 1952, objected to this term on the grounds that the word 'perverse' could not properly be used in connection with a normal attribute. He preferred the word 'panerotic', which certainly has a less pejorative ring to it.

29. Lindy Burton, Vulnerable Children, op. cit. ^

30. G.V. Ramsey, 'The sexual development of boys', American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 56, 1943, pp. 217-33.

31. Kinsey's own study yielded much lower figures, but these were based on interviews with adults recalling their childhood and, as Kinsey himself suggested, memories may have faltered.

32. Paul Gebhard et al., Sex Offenders: An Analysis of Types, Harper-Hoeber, New York, 1965.

33. The Gerhard study was of male adults only.

34. Gerhard et al., op. cit., p. 299.

35. Leroy Schultz, 'Psychotherapeutic and legal approaches to the sexually victimized child', International ,Journal of Child Psychotherapy, Vol. 1, No.4, 1972, pp. 115-28.

36. Quoted in Burton, op. cit. Reifen's proposals for dealing with offences that come before the courts are considered in detail in Chapter 6.

37. R. Walmsley and K. White, Sexual Offences, Consent and Sentencing, Home Office Research Study No. 54, 'HMSO, London, 1979, Chapter 2.