Ch 3 - Notes and References

1. See especially many of the writings of John Gagnon and William Simon, referred to in the Bibliography.

2. D.J. West, Homosexuality Re-examined, Duckworth, London, 1977.

3. J.W. Mohr and R.E. Turner, Sexual Deviations, Part IV: Paedophilia', Applied Therapeutics, Vol. 9, No. 4,1967, pp.362-5.

4. T.C.N. Gibbens and J. Prince, Child Victims of Sex Offences, Institute for the Study of Delinquency, London, 1963.

5. Gebhard, op. cit., p 819.

6. F. Bernard, 'An enquiry among a group of paedophiles', Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 11, No.3, 1975, pp. 242-55.

7. See Kinsey, Sexual Behaviour in the Human Female, op. cit., p. 110. ^

8. See Gebhard, op. cit.

9. West, op. cit., p. 214.

10. K. Howells, 'Some meanings of children for paedophiles', paper presented at the International Conference on Love and Attraction, Swansea, 1977.

11. Read this long footnote in a separate file

12. Sixth edition, 1976.

13. S. Lorand and H. I. Schneer, 'Sexual deviations', in A. M. Freedman et al. (eds), Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1975.

14. D.W. Swanson, 'Who violates children sexually?' Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, February 1971, pp.184-97. Some go further and suggest that the use of the word 'paedophile' could be confined to those for whom their love impulse towards children is of great importance. There is a school of thought in Holland which holds this position. Loes Rouweler-Wutz considered that 'Paedophilia is a human condition in which the feelings of attraction towards children, including sexual feelings, are so important to the individual involved that they determine his whole life' (from a thesis, 'Paedophiles in contact or conflict with society', Nijmegen, 1976, quoted in a paper, 'The legal status of the paedophile', by Edward Brongersma, presented to the Psychiatric-Juridical Society, Amsterdam, 1977).

15. A. Moll, op. cit., p.224.

16. C.H. McCaghy, 'Child molesters: a study of their careers as deviants', in M.B. Clinard and R. Quinney (eds.), Criminal Behaviour Systems, Holt Rinehart & Winston, New York, 1967.

17. Read this long footnote in a separate file. 

18. Report of the Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution, Cmnd. 247, HMSO, 1957.

19. W. Simon and J.H. Gagnon, On psychosexual development', in D. Goslin (ed.), Handbook of Theory and Research in Socialization, Rand McNally, Chicago, 1969. Anyone still in doubt should consult the following works listed in the Bibliography: Landis; Tolsma; West; the Speijer Report; Rainer et al.; Money and Tucker.

20. L. Bender and A. Blau, op. cit.

21. L. Bender and A.L. Grugett, A follow-up report on children who had atypical sexual experience', American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol.22, 1952, pp.825-37.

22. L. Burton,Vulnerable Children, op. cit.

23. L. Burton, The assaulted child', New Society, 20 May, 1965, pp. 17-19.

24. See especially M. Ingram, A study of 92 cases of sexual contact between adult and child', British Journal of Sexual Medicine, Vol. 6, No.44, January 1979, p. 22f (Part 1), and Vol. 6, No.45, February 1979, p. 24f (Part 2).

25. Presumably this Comment is intended to refer only to a minority who resent authority such resentment would appear to be incompatible with the tendency to sidle up to' the teacher, noted above.

26. Results in any case need to be interpreted with caution. A Californian study reported in Mohr et al., op. cit., reported more disturbance among participant victims but already 'disturbed' (possibly neglected) children may be more prone to seek out a relationship.

27. Michael Ingram, 'FILTHY: Reaction to paedophilic acts', Libertarian Education, No.21, 1977, pp.4-5.

28. I think Ingram's point is not so much that the doctor's, 'buggery' was awful as an act, but that in the circumstances it was necessarily carried out formally, with cold, clinical indifference to the boy's feelings. While anal intercourse can itself be experienced as pleasant, within a loving relationship, a doctor's examination is scarcely likely to be so.

29. Reported in a front-page lead story, News of the World, 4 September, 1977.

30. Letter from Dr A.P. McEldowney, The Times, 16 February, 1978.

31. E. Brongersma, The legal status of the paedophile', paper presented to the Psychiatric Juridical Society, Amsterdam, 1977.

32. Robin Lloyd, Playland: A Study of Boy Prostitution, Blond & Briggs, London, 1977 (originally published as For Money or Love, Vanguard Press, New York, 1976).

33. Read this long footnote in a separate file.