Research on pedophilia in academia, and writings on pedophilia in
heavyweight journals -- an internet research-guide for students and
This is not a comprehensive attempt to
list everything on the web to do with the subject. Rather it's my "working
bibliography" of links to intelligent online papers, books, articles and
interviews, which I hope are likely to be of interest to other
humanities-based researchers and writers.
It assumes you've done your basic basic homework and read primers like
Weeks' Sexuality and The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. It
also assumes that the history of children's sexuality, and its repression,
is indivisible from the history and current constructions of "the
paedophile". It has been compiled by a pro-sex feminism-informed skeptic :)
I hope eventually to include papers and articles for direct download from
Last updated, May 14th 1999
1. Histories of child sexualities
Censorship of art and photography
3. Influence of erotic images
5. Critical theory
6. Statistical and evidential
7. Literary studies
8. Art studies
10. Interviews / panel discussions
12. "Satanic abuse" panics
13. Misc resources
1. Histories of child sexualities:
Good primer on the social
construction of childhood.
bibliography on pedophilia research, especially good on historical
research. [Link does not work anymore]
Full text of an academic paper, Canes,
Berets and Gangsta Rap: Disciplining Sexuality In School, 1920-1995.
[Link does not work]
"From the point of view of the 'discipline of
the body' it would seem that Progressivism - which rests on assumptions of
freedom of choice, intrinsic motivation, and self-discipline - is in
direct opposition to some traditional school regulatory practices with
respect, for example, to students' dress [...] However, as Valerie
Walkerdine has argued, what happens is that the processes of discipline,
regulation and normalisation become more covert: "the child supposedly
freed by this process to develop according to its nature was the most
classified, catalogued, watched and monitored in history. Freed from
coercion, the child was much more subtly regulated into normality" (Walkerdine, 1992, p 18). Within a Progressivist school environment, she
argues, "Discipline became not overt disciplining, but covert
watching...[as] the classroom became the facilitating space for each
individual under the watchful and total gaze of the
Salon extract from a new book The
Body Project - an intimate history of American girls.
"In 1952, in an article in Parents' Magazine,
physician Frank H. Crowell endorsed bras for young girls and spelled out a
theory and program of teenage breast management ... In the interest of
both beauty and health, mothers in the 1950s were encouraged to check
their daughters' breasts regularly to see if they were developing
properly. This was not just a matter of a quick look and a word of
reassurance. Instead, Crowell and others suggested systematic scrutiny as
often as every three months to see if the breasts were positioned
correctly. One way to chart the geography of the adolescent bustline was
to have the girl stand sideways in a darkened room against a wall covered
with white paper. By shining a bright light on her and having her throw
out her chest at a provocative angle, a mother could trace a silhouette
that indicated the actual shape of her daughter's bosom. By placing a
pencil under her armpit and folding the arm that held it across the waist,
mothers could also determine if their daughter's nipples were in the right
place. On a healthy breast, the nipple was supposed to be at least halfway
above the midway point between the location of the pencil and the hollow
of the elbow."
Short undergraduate paper from the University of California, Santa
boys and "unhappy" girls: childrearing during the Cold War... [Link does
"Contrary to the old Watsonian philosophies, which advocated
that parents tape their children's genitals at bedtime or tie their hands
to the sides of the bed, the postwar experts maintained that masturbation
was a natural part of human growth..."
of Girls is an online e-text of a 1997 dissertation by Juliet
Gosling, subtitled an "e-book about girls power, girls' school stories, and
the future of reading". With such chapters such as 'The History of Girls'
School Stories'. You even get two more e-books, on on girl's reading,
and another which is the author's earlier MA thesis (A World of Girls -
Genre, Femininity & the Chalet School)! (Around 100
pages - you might want to grab the whole site with software such as Teleport Pro.)
[Link does not work]
Book from the University of Toronto Press, Stories
of Childhood : Shifting Agendas of Child Concern by Dr
Stainton Rogers ...
From a review: "British academics in psychology and
social welfare ... argue that the child-concern disciplines covertly
provide a mandate that allows the adult world to treat the young as alien
subjects, and to continue to keep them disenfranchised, and
Desires": The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960 by Estelle B.
[Link does not work]
"A close look at the sex crime panics that began
in the mid-1930s, declined during World War II, and revived in the postwar
decade reveals that those episodes were not necessarily related to any
increase in the actual incidence of violent, sexually related crimes.
Although arrest rates for sexual offenses in general rose throughout the
period, the vast majority of arrests were for minor offenses, rather than
for the violent acts portrayed in the media."
Book note: Teaching Fear -
The Religious Right's Campaign Against Sexuality Education [Link broken]
Course note: The USA's Cornell University offers a course on The Sexual
Child... [Link broken]
"With respect to children, Americans today have what we might
call a pedophilic imagination. The sexual child, as an emblem of trauma,
has become the focus of moral panics from every point on the political
spectrum - panics about cultural phenomena as various as child
pornography, single motherhood, the Roman Catholic priesthood, access to
the Internet, and gay studies curricula. But what is a child? What does it
mean to love or desire a child? How might we construe child sexuality
beyond the dominant, largely Freudian paradigm of Trauma? Who promotes the
idea of child sexuality and why? How has it been constructed through
narrative and visual imagery? This course offers a political, historical,
and rhetorical analysis of the language of trauma that has developed
around the sexual child in the past century. Readings for the course will
include theoretical texts on child sexuality, trauma, and the debate over
"false memory" (Sigmund Freud, James Kincaid, Judith Lewis Herman,
Frederick Crewel; we will also do close readings of literary and visual
texts, from Lewis Carroll's Alice books to Stanley Kubrick's film The
Shining and Sally Mann's erotic photographs of
2. Censorship of art and photography:
Anne Higgonet's essay in The Yale Journal of Criticism, 'Conclusions Based on
Observation'. Her new book is Pictures
of Innocence : The History and Crisis of Ideal Childhood.
"The law reads like a laundry list of vague
terms. What does "sexually suggestive" mean, applied to places, poses, or
attire? Has Congress invented a kind of Geiger counter for "sexual
coyness"? "Sexual response" is remarkably singular. Our legislators feel
confident they can see right through images to someone's unambiguous
thoughts, but who is that someone, and how many someones need be involved
-- will one suffice, and which one? Most disturbingly, the frame of legal
interpretation slips and slides in every direction; "design," "intent,"
and "use" are treated interchangeably, but somehow "observation" remains
reliable, precise, and consistent."
Index on Censorship article, the introduction by Edward
Lucie-Smith to the recent 'Looking At Kids' special issue - "Eros and
"Though we know children do have sexual impulses, we prefer
not to be brutally confronted with evidence of these. Still less do we
like to be confronted with images which may, at some deep level, arouse
unacceptable feelings in ourselves. We cannot, despite our familiarity
with Freudian concepts, deal with the idea that parental love or its
surrogates may contain a barely controlled sexual element. Our extreme
self- consciousness about images of this kind has had a curious result.
During a decade when the boundaries of tolerance, certainly in the
English-speaking world, have gradually loosened to the point where almost
any sexual image can be published or exhibited, they have become
noticeably tighter where photographic representations of children are
involved. It is not Robert Mapplethorpe's photographs of male S&M
activities that now cause concern, but his picture of a little girl
throwing up her skirt to reveal her pudenda: the record of a spontaneous
moment of exhibitionism of a sort very common in small children. Even
Edward Weston's beautiful frontal torso of his young son has become the
kind of image that publishers are reluctant to deal with. In these cases,
the standard excuse is made: 'It is not, you understand, that I am
disturbed by this particular image myself. It's just that other people
might take it the wrong way.' "
Mann and Others'*, is a short graduate essay on the USA controversy over
the girl photography of Sturges, Hamilton, Mann and others.
* Link does not work.
"I'd like to suggest an alternative view of the
good and the bad -- one that takes into account the productive role of
power arrangements in the formation of legitimized knowledges or
moralities, especially those of human and child sexuality. On this model,
the idea that sexuality is something that can be or needs to be repressed
is abandoned. It does not seek to establish an "original" condition of
sexual purity, but recognizes the constructive role our practice and
discourse plays in establishing ideas of normalcy."
Wired article, 'Canada's
Thought Police'... [Link broken]
"Confusion between fantasy and reality goes to
the heart of Canada's current madness. There is a metaphysical child or
metaphysical woman out there whom people like politician Wappel and
enforcer Sweeney seek to protect. The victim of these crimes is not a
person but a sense of "human dignity" and "community" which Canada
"defends" with armed police. That distinguishes the country from the US
and from most of Europe, which, in their information laws, emphasize the
rights of concrete individuals. Indeed, it is very hard to stop the flow
of information in the US without a complainant, normally a libel
plaintiff, who is materially hurt by false information."
Feature-article on Canadian laws, Child-less Child Pornography [Link
does not work]
Bob Chantalle's Artists Must Oppose Witch
"As Laura Marks attested, America is now an
insane and scary place. And the scariest child abusers of all are those
well-meaning vigilantes who spread ignorance and fear, thus robbing the
coming generation of its precious birthright of
A pro free-speech opinion piece from ArtsWire, Why Defend "Child
Pornography"? [Link does not work]
"...there is a need to recognize that not every sexual image
involving a minor is problematic, and some serve important artistic,
historical, scientific, and educational goals. [...] After resolving the
easy cases and reason is restored to the debate about child pornography,
perhaps it will be possible to discuss the harm to the mind and spirit
when taboos are institutionalized and dissent demonized."
Intellectual Capital's 'Bang
The Tin Drum No More' * is a feature-article on US censorship of movies
featuring children's sexuality
* Link does not work.
"Not only does this thought-crime approach
endanger all manner of expressive material that might inspire some illegal
act -- after all, there are well-documented cases in which particular
individuals have felt driven to commit heinous crimes by everything from
The Bible to Crime and Punishment to Beavis and
Butthead. Even worse, the federal law's fixation on fantasy undermines
the vitally important goal of protecting actual children from actual
Censorship - dangers to minors and others? [Link broken] is a critical June 98
background paper on the recent sex-panics in the USA, from Censorship
Article in the Bad
Subjects journal, 'Retouching the Schoolkids', on child photography and sexuality. (USA)
[Links did not work]
Times editorial, 'A Dixie Book-Burning', on the 1998 Sturges/Mann/Hamilton Alabama
Article from South Africa's Mail & Guardian, Knotted
nappies, which is an intelligent survey of how contemporary artists are
representing children's active sexuality. [Link did not work anymore]
Lawrence Stanley's essay 'The Coming
Criminalization of Art'.
University of Toronto academic paper 'Reflections on the Duehring
and Brand Cases: Political Correctness and the Current Abandonment of
Academic Autonomy to the Culture of Comfort', which is a paper which
looks critically at the sacking of academics for expressing views on
Sabine magazine article, "Endandered Expressions", on nude children and
"Freedom and consent are the key issues when
considering the legitimacy of artists such as Jock Sturges, Sally Mann,
and David Hamilton. Each attains the permission not only from the subject,
but also that of the parents of the subject. An individual has a right to
be photographed and the photographers have a right to photograph the
individual. This right is guaranteed by the First Amendment and the First
Amendment does not discriminate against age, creed, color, or sex. Any
form of suppression, whether it be of images or information is
3. Influence of erotic images:
Intellectual Capital article by Nadine Strossen, 'Schoolgirls,
Sex and Speech', [link did not work] which strongly questions the assumption that teens are
harmed by reading or viewing sexual material.
and societal attitudes toward nudity, an academic paper from California
State University, which surveys previous research and concludes... [Link did
"The results of the research presented would
seem to speak clearly and with force: children's exposure to nudity is not
only not harmful, it appears to be beneficial."
Some other summaries of papers on a similar topic to the above link are: The
relationship between adult sexual adjustment and childhood experiences
regarding exposure to nudity, sleeping in the parental bed, and parental
attitudes toward sexuality and Children's
perceptions of clothes and nakedness: a cross-national study. [Links did not
Screening Out Sex:
Kids, Computers, and the New Censors by Marjorie Heins, is an
intelligent overview of the issues around 'Net Nanny' type software and
children's online liberties.
imagination - technology challenges both', feature-article by Bill Frezza...
"It's certainly not illegal to sell pictures of
murders being committed, newspapers do it all the time. Judging by the
insatiable appetite the viewing public has for graphic violence, both real
and simulated, it's also clear that most law abiding citizens find it
curiously entertaining to watch depictions of gross criminal acts. They
seem to be able to watch hours of this on TV without going out and
murdering their neighbors.
What makes child pornography different?"
Salon article by Camille Paglia, 'Why We
Leer at JonBenet'.
"The hysteria over day-care child abuse that
peaked in America in the early 1990s transmogrified first into fascist
surveillance of professional photographers for suspected pedophilia and
then into a shrill political crusade to crack down on Internet
4. Media coverage:
A review of Valerie Walkerdine's new book Daddy's Girls: Young
Girls and Popular Culture.
"Walkerdine's main thesis is that working-class
girls experience an Electra complex of enormous proportions, scorning
their downtrodden mothers and visualizing themselves in romantic alliances
with their fathers. In this, she says, they are aided by pop-culture
stories such as Annie and My Fair Lady, by advertisements (she cites ads
by Volkswagen, Yoplait, and Kodak), and by girls' comics and magazines.
Girls are taught that if they combine innocence with eroticism to charm a
father figure, they might make it to a higher social level."
The Nation essay, 'The New
Puritanism - Who's afraid of Lolita (we are)'
"We are so insecure and negligent in our
parenthood and citizenship, caught between a public sphere (officialdom)
that feels hollow and a private sphere (family) that feels besieged, that
we seem to project onto the body of an imaginary child -- "innocent,"
"missing," "inner," coveted, abused, eroticized, abandoned, homeless,
emblematic and commodified -- all our fear and rage. Caretakers become
scapegoats, as do novels, movies, television and Calvin Klein.
About Lolita, Humbert told us that she was "the ideal consumer, the
subject and object of every foul poster," to whom all advertising was
ultimately directed--and she would, of course, consume herself. In one of
those peculiar reversals of the very terms of hyperreality in which
Nabokov specialized, as if caught "in the lining of time," all our
children are nymphets, our adults are Humberts and Quiltys and Kinbotes,
the culture we dream in our sailor suits is an insect Zembla, and the face
on the milk carton at the supermarket is our own mug."
Complete online dissertation: The
Press and Paedophilia [Link does not work] by Tonje Bergmo. Her English isn't wonderful, and
the whole thing feels cobbled together - but it's an interesting attempt by
a Norwegian journalist to take a relatively balanced view of English media
coverage. She concludes...
"...it could seem like paedophiles have turned
into scapegoats for the bad consciousness in today's money-making society,
which just does not know where to put our children. They also have to take
the blame for the bad consciousness all of us have because we know that
some - ostensibly - ordinary family husbands (and wives) are capable and
do sexually abuse their children, even if we don't want to know. It can
seem like the moral panics about paedophiles are not [really] about
paedophiles - but about our children and the bad consciousness we have for
Recent Matthew Parris article, 'Call
off the lynch-mob', from The Times of London.
"I don't talk to children in the street any
more. Only today I stopped myself picking up and comforting a toddler who
had fallen over on an escalator. In the damage done to millions of
children made afraid of every stranger and millions of adults frightened
of physical contact and friendship towards children, I believe that the
wave of public anxiety about paedophilia now sweeping over us is doing
incalculably more harm than the paedophilia itself.
Sooner or later, someone is going to be lynched, beaten to pulp or
torched. Those politicians who have added to these flames should examine
their consciences, for politicians can lead as well as
Collection of press reports on the recent Canadian judge's
ruling that the Canadian law against possession of child porn is
and the Internet - old obsessions, new crusades, a conference in Rome,
27 October 1998... [Link does not work]
"The aim of the conference is to analyse and
denounce the dangerous consequences for personal freedoms, for the right
to privacy and for the development of new data-communication technologies,
of legislative and judicial initiatives conducted under the impetus of the
recent open campaign - with patent falsifications of truth - in regard to
paedophilia in general, and the elision "Internet - Paedophilia" in
Essay from Mother Jones magazine, 'A Question of
"An influential group of therapists is promoting
a new scare: children who molest other children. Those who question the
murky evidence are said to be 'in denial'. But it is the kids, taken from
home and given intense therapy, who might be sufferering the
Child Pornography on
AOL - a history of the AOL child-porn stings.
JournaPorn * is a comprehensive dissection of the 1995 "journo-scare"
about net child porn, centered around the fraudulent Rimm Report.
* Link does not work.
5. Critical theory:
Primer on the social
construction of childhood.
Hakim Bey's text, 'The
Music of What Happens'. (Switzerland)
"The seductive child-imagery is not aimed at
"pedophiles," who do not represent a significant market sector, nor is it
created by "pedophiles." (The Klein ads, for example, were not based on
"kiddie porn" but on the image of kiddie porn as filtered through "shock
& revulsion" into an erotic evocation of "abuse.") These ads take
their major source of power from what Deleuze & Guattari called the
"Oedipal misery" of Capitalist society. Ultimately the seduction of
imagery in the media is a family drama. The nuclear family monopolizes
sexuality & yet denies it utterly (incest, "abuse") -- as Gide said,
families are the "misers of love" ("How I hate them!"). The family is also
the basic unit of consumption. By playing on frustrated desire within the
family, the imagery of Capital builds up a huge repressed energy that can
be directed into commodity fetishism. The utopia of love is embedded as a
trace within the imagery of control. Desire is channeled away from free
libidinal expression and into the energy forms of work & "leisure."
The shock-&-revulsion imagery of the News thus complements the
seductive imagery of the ads, sit-coms, records, etc. It's a sort of Good
Cop/Bad Cop routine -- "Thou shalt not," warns the imagery of panic &
abuse -- but you can get a taste of the forbidden fruit if you buy this
Feminist art-zine n.paradoxa has a densely theoretical review of Sally
Mann's Immediate Family [Link does not work]
"Mann combines photography and motherhood to
produce an alternative discourse of childhood and maternity. To mother and
to photograph cease to be two distinct occupations; they sustain one
another. In doing so, they upset our cherished ideas about what motherhood
and childhood should entail. Immediate Family is important because
it subverts patriarchal ideals and revels in its
Full online thesis, BODY
BODY BODY : High Art, Photography and Media in the Age of Digital
Corporeality This is from Chapter 5... [Link did not work]
"Why are images of nude children so disturbing,
to many of our fellow citizens? The most famous bare son is Edward
Weston's famous portrait of his Neil. The specific pledge often demanded
in the NEA "loyalty oath" by some politicians that the recipient of
federal funds must promise he or she will not depict children frankly, in
art. If Edward Weston had signed such an oath in 1931, he could not have
openly displayed this classic picture, while using public money. Yet to
many of our taxpayers Weston's images are not only breathtakingly innocent
but completely without voyeuristic content. They are far less provocative,
less likely to arouse that passion so feared by conservative institutions
than commercial ads in any daily newspaper or on any television station
anywhere, even in Utah."
Democratic Erection... [Link did not work]
"The Freudian explanations have reached a level
of communal acceptance in society and that is how far it goes, on a
theoretical level we tend to understand the problematic issues but in
practise we are still acting numb. The recent discussion on paedophilia
explains the situation fully; on one hand society (i.e. the state)
does not understand the paedophile's need, it remains unable to even
discuss the issues -- and on the other hand, the industry of
pornography shows a quite fully developed understanding of the tools
to provoke the feelings of paedophilia. Society must realise the link
between pornography and the sexual frustration that causes our sexual
behaviour which also affects our social behaviour, and so forth - it is
impossible to seperate the emotions which define our human behaviours.
There is a strong educational side to pornography which society still
needs to realise and explore."
6. Statistical and evidential issues:
Sexual Encounters With Adults : A Scientific Study
and Sexual Offences Against Children (Wiley Series in the Psychology of
Crime, Policing and Law)
The paper 'Myths
and Realities of Sexual Abuse Evaluation and Diagnosis: A Call for Judicial
Guidelines' [Link did not work] questions the top ten claims made by those in the child
sexual abuse industry. See also the other papers in the archive. [link
did not work]
and Self-deception - A Criticism of Sex Abuse Research, by Arne Frederiksen.
[Link does not work]
Online copy of a chapter from the book Children and Sex,
"The Effects of
Early Sexual Experiences: a review and synthesis of research" *. (140kb
zip file containing MS Word file and Adobe Acrobat PDF file)
* Link does not work, but see in this Ipce
Amazon.com have an review page for The
Sexual Life of Children. (You can also order it direct from
the publishers). [Link does not work]
Sexual Abuse' or 'Consensual Teenage Sexual Activity'?, by Lex
Watson, Senior Lecturer in Government, University of Sydney (Adobe Acrobat
The complete text of Tom O'Carroll's book Paedophilia
- the radical case
An abstract (summary) of a paper in an academic/medical journal: 'Sexual Arousal
and Arousibility to Pedophilic Stimuli in a Community Sample of "Normal"
An Examination of
Assumed Properties of Child Sexual Abuse Based on Nonclinical Samples
A Real Mensh magazine article, detailing allegations that U.S.
child protection investigators routinely trample on constitutional
rights. [Link does not work]
An English defence lawyer's account of the technicalities and defences involved in an
"indecent images" case in Computers and Law magazine. [Link did not
7. Literary studies:
Details of a 1997 book, Nevermore:
The Hymen and the Loss of Virginity, which has three chapters
surveying defloration in literature and fairy tales.
mode: Lolita and Ada" [Link broken]- a whole chapter (in English) from the new book
'Roman et censure, ou la mauvaise foi d'Eros' [Novel and Censorship,
or Eros' Bad Faith] (Seyssel: Champ Vallon, 1996). The chapter looks at
Nabokov's most pedophilia-focussed books, 'Lolita' and 'Ada'.
Ignored looks at why the novel 'Lolita' has been neglected as a work of
A flyer for Hide and Seek: The Child
between Psychoanalysis and Fiction by Virginia Blum.
"Hide and Seek raises provocative
questions about the ways in which our culture fetishizes the idea of the
child at the same time that we treat with comparative indifference the
conditions under which many real children actually live."
Salon magazine, Lusting
after "Lolita" celebrates the novel and explores one girl's response to
'Carol gave me a copy of "Lolita" [...]. And
that is how I came to read it, in two rainy summer afternoons, when I was
12. And when I emerged tearfully from the bedroom, she just nodded and
opened her arms, for I was a sensitive kid. "Poor, poor Humbert!" I cried.
"Lolita was so mean!" Carol's thinly plucked eyebrows shot up in
surprise. This was not what she had had in mind.'
Salon essay, 'Alice in Mirrorland', on modern interpretations of the Alice figure.
London Evening Standard review of A.N. Wilson's new novel, Dream
The Spitting Image issue on children's sexuality (the paper issue is
sold out, but there [no more] are three pieces online).
8. Art studies:
Review of last
year's Henry Darger retrospective exhibition Henry Darger: The
Unreality of Being, at the Museum of American Folk Art in New York.
Amazon.com entry for Children
in Photography : 150 Years.
in Art: The Photography of Sally Mann in At Twelve, an
illustrated essay/review from Cedarcrest University. [Link does not
Gallery - Balthus, Balthus the painter, Bathlus - the reincarnation of the
*[Link does not work]
Short ArtNet feature-article on sensual/erotic art featuring
Superstar'. [Link does not work]
9. Cultural Studies:
Bitches from Hell: Monstrous-Little Women in Film" by Barbara Creed,
UCLA. This is a [once...] online dissertation about the portrayals of 'evil nymphets'
in the US post-war cinema. Complete with small film-stills and some
quicktime (.mov) movie clips...
"Monstrous little women, mad moppets, deadly dollies, deranged
daughters, sinister sisters -- call them what you will, there is no doubt
that multifarious images of the evil girl-child haunt the celluloid
corridors of popular cinema..."
Evidence, Naked Children, and Dead Celebrities -- Digital Forgery and the
Law" is an [No more] online thesis by Jol Silversmith, Harvard Law School,
"Child pornography is sometimes simply equated
with child molestation. But if no actual child is involved in its
production, that simply cannot be the case -- unless one adopts the
convoluted logic of commentators such as Catherine MacKinnon who argue --
and in almost any other context but this would be and usually are derided
for so doing -- that imagination is in fact reality. But in the child
pornography context, the distinction between imagination and reality is
cultural studies essays about Japan, where the age of consent is 13 and where
religion and literary and art censorship have not developed as they have in the
articles are by Matt Thorn, an anthropologist and admirer of shōjo (girls)
manga. The first two are at his site. Thorn eloquently describes the powerful
effect of a 1974 shōjo manga, Tōma
no Shinzō ("The Heart of Thomas"). Thorn says that the
with the suicide of fourteen year-old Thomas, whose love for an older boy,
Yuri, has gone unrequited.
his final love letter to Yuri, Thomas writes:
Yuri, one last time, This is my love. This is the sound of my heart. Surely
you must understand.
the end we discover that Yuri had in fact been in love with Thomas, but felt
that he was unworthy of Thomas' love...
was a major contributor to the rise of shōnen-ai (boyslove) manga, and
eventually, in the 1980s, to yaoi, which depicts the teenage heroes of
commercial anime and manga in homoerotic/homosexual situations. A leading U.S.
yaoi storywriter has created a character whose name is also Thomas. Her Thomas
is the epitome of a youth who enjoys
sex and romance with younger boys and older men. Her stories describe the sex
explicitly and joyously, as something beautiful and necessary.
her country, a child such as this would be condemned as sexually acting out and
in need of therapy, or locked up as a sexually violent predator (as indeed some
children are); his older partners would most certainly be imprisoned. In Japan,
schoolgirls read such stories in comic book form on the train (the drawings
leave little to the imagination). There, such love is considered in many ways an
Thomases give the lie to the West's ideology that children's sexuality must be
repressed. Yaoi has become a major popular culture form in the West among young
women. Perhaps it has a potential for subverting some of the Western conceptions of
children and sex.
10. Interviews / panel discussions:
High-level 1998 site from NerveMag: "Politicising Puberty - the
zoning of child sexuality in art, advertising and the American
household", a round-table of American luminaries and academics,
including James Kincaid and even Sally Mann herself. [Link does not work]
Arts & Leisure magazine Jock
Sturges interview *. See also the Jock Sturges Yahoo
page. [Link does not work]
with Nina Glaser...
[Links do not work]
CY: "You've done some work that contains
nudes of children, and this has been a really serious issue recently in
the United States. Has that presented you with any serious complications
in dealing with the public? Have you had to deal with any legal
repercussions or threats?"
NG: "There's been more concern, or fear introduced into the
sessions -- because it looks bad...you know, I'm out in some public place
with naked adults and children and a camera, and the parents aren't
there... and to the naked eye of a law enforcement officer (laughing) it
would look very dangerous. And so the element of fear enters into the
session in a way that it normally wouldn't -- I mean we know that we're
there to create art, and that we're respecting these children, and that we
have their full understanding of what their doing, and the permission and
understanding of their parents. But I've become a little more paranoid.
There was this woman who called the police -- she called Vox
magazine after they published some of my work, and she said that she
was a survivor of incest, and that my work was child abuse -- that she was
going to call the police. So I hid my negatives and got a lawyer who gave
me very good advice, and I was told what my rights
Salon magazine's short Gore
"No child was ever raped by a book or a picture.
Actually, pedophiles are turned off by explicit sex - and adolescents
can't think about anything else anyway."
Sexual Revolution and the
Liberation of Children - an interview with feminist Kate Millet... [Link
"Part of the patriarchal family structure
involves the control of the sexual life of children; indeed, the control
of children totally. Children have virtually no rights guaranteed by law
in our society and besides, they have no money - which, in a
money-economy, is one of the most important sources of their oppression.
Certainly, one of children's essential rights is to express themselves
sexually, probably primarily with each other but with adults as
11. Personal accounts:
Lesbian-feminist novelist Jane Rule's essay "Teaching
Sexuality" [Link broken]
Salon magazine's famous Molested
"A mother discovers that the legal system's
nightmarish 'cure' for child sexual abuse can be worse than the
up without Shame' [link did not work] is a book in which nudist children write about their
12. "Satanic abuse" panics:
of the Devil : Allegations of Satanic Abuse in Britain is the
government-commisioned report from a leading woman academic.
Students at the HyperMedia Research Centre of the University of
Westminster, London, have put up an English-language copy of Luther
Blissett's Italian book The Children of Satan -
deconstruction of a scam. [Link does not work]
The Seattle Post's comprehensive critical overview and chronology
notorious Wenatchee witch-hunt. (USA) [Link did not work anymore]
and Witches: distorted allegations and their dangers, a conference paper
by Richard Guilliatt, Senior Writer, Sydney Morning Herald. (In PDF format:
right-click, select "save as...")
Book review-site Spectral Evidence,
promoting a critical book about the USA's "satanic child abuse" hysteria.
[Link did not work]
The crisis that wasn't - pedophiles and the priesthood, a
review of the book Pedophiles and Priests: The Anatomy of a Contemporary
Letter of Complaint
to The Boston Globe, from participants in the Salem anti-witchhunt conference, about shoddy journalism.
Feature-article from The Guide gay men's magazine: 'Salem's
Shadow'. [Link did not work]
Magick/musick zine Databass has a good account [Link did not
work] of how
the satanic-abuse panic forced one of the UK's most challenging artists (and
his children) into exile for six years. The page also summarises the exile
of the acclaimed UK photographer of children, Ron Oliver.
The abstract of a 1997 paper in an academic/medical journal: Case Study: False
Allegations of Abuse Created in a Single Interview [Link does not work]
The American Civil Liberties Union have put a comprehensive report
online, about the Wenatchee witch-hunts, 'When Child Protection
Investigations Harm Children: The Wenatchee Sexual Abuse Cases', * and
have sent a Letter to Janet
Reno re Child Sex Abuse Investigations. For more info on the Waco and
Ruby Ridge cases see: "The Wenatchee 'Sex
Rings' Hoax - An Overview"
* Link does not work.
Child Abuse Accusations is an academic peer-reviewed journal which
takes a critical stance on the topic.
Two locations for the banned official JET Report, now that the
UK's High Court injunction against its leakers has finally been lifted -- here and
There are a huge number of sites with more information about this area.
For more information, try: Witch Hunt Information
Center [Link does not work]
13. Misc resources:
Carroll photography gallery.
Interesting bibliography * which forms the Paedophilia
section of the latest 1999 edition of The Men's Bibliography. [*
Link does not work]
Full version of the recent
Pediatrics paper on children's sexuality.
Crazy Quilt Of Our Age of Consent Laws is an in-depth feature article,
with comprehensive state-by-state tables for the USA. [Link does not
An excellent quality (suitable for use as a teaching resource) large scan of Sally
Mann's "Candy Cigarette".
Information about a recent book The
Child in Question * by Diana Gittins. It includes a chapter titled:
'Children's Sexuality: Why Do Adults Panic?'.
* Link does not work.
Review of the book [Not working link>] First
Do No Harm: The Sexual Abuse Industry
"Teen Sex is Not a
Catastrophe", is an archived feature article. [Link does not work]
Feature-article from The Guide gay men's magazine, "America's Sex
Gulags" [Link did not work]
and Child Sexual Abuse'
Feedmag essay, 'The
Molester Within' by Mary Granfield, "on the panic over children's
sexuality". [Link did not work]
Articles from the UK's influential LM magazine (in rough date
order, most recent first):