Appendix B: The Number of Children

The number of children are shown in tables B1, B2, and B3.  This counting was carried out by registering the number of children first ("newly") encountered in each series of magazines, so that the counting in any one series was completed before counting in the next series was started.  Because some of the children are depicted in more than one series, and their appearance in the first series counted is registered, but not in subsequent appearances, counting in a different order would have yielded a different number per series without changing the total.  In some of the magazines, all the photographs were of children already encountered, so that these magazines contributed nothing ("0",) to the total, in the order in which they were counted.

The following categories were not counted:

(1) photographs of persons who were apparently beyond puberty,
(2) a small number of antiquarian photographs,
(3) photographs made on naturist reserves, in which the children were not posing,
(4) portraits and clothed children. [*198]

Because of the poor quality of many of the reproductions, many children were difficult to recognize, and it is likely that double counting occurred.  Taking Braches' figures as our guide, the material comprised more than a quarter of the European material, which we estimate to be about a fifth of the world production.  We did not count American material, of which we could not obtain sufficient examples, or the English material since it consisted mostly of pirate publications.  The share of Danish, German, Dutch and Swedish material in our sample is proportional to their share of the total European production.

Table B1
Number of Children, Girl Magazines

Country of origin
Number of issues
Number of "new"
children scored
Children Love
Denmark 16 120
Netherlands 2 11
Bambina Sex
Denmark 5 11
Linda & Patty
Denmark 3 2
Lolita Love
Sweden 4 4
Netherlands 36 666
Children Sex
Denmark 2 48
Netherlands 7 91
New School Action
Netherlands 1 0
Denmark 13 80
Lolita Chick
Netherlands 13 173
Lolita Sex
Denmark 6 8
Nymph Lover
Denmark 1 5
Lolita Special
Denmark 5 6
Lolita Color
[unknown] 2 7
Lolita Color Special
Netherlands 4 0
Lolita's Pissing
Netherlands 1 0
Lolita Masturbation
Denmark 1 1
Fucking Children
[unknown] 1 4
  123 1233
Average number of children per magazine:


Table B2
Number of Children, Boy Magazines

Country of origin
Number of issues
Number of "new"
children scored
Netherlands 8 106
Germany 9 109
Denmark 27 399
Sweden 3 41
Sweden 3 10
Lover Boys
Denmark 2 67
Denmark 3 7
Denmark 9 22
Denmark 3 32
Germany 26 381
  93 1174
Average number of children per magazine:


Table B3
Number of Children, Boy and Girl Magazines Together

Number of issues
Number of "new"
children scored
  216 2407
Average number of children per magazine: