The Myth of Lost Innocence
Judith Warner, New York Times, January 29, 2009
At a journalism conference a couple of years ago, I met Linda Perlstein, the author of "Not Much Just Chillin': The Hidden Lives of Middle Schoolers." This meeting occurred right in the middle of the "rainbow party" craze - that is to say, the media frenzy around the alleged oral activities of oversexed (and lipsticked) tweens.
Rainbow parties hadn't actually played any part in Perlstein's book. But that, she told me then, hadn't stopped TV producers - representing "Oprah," from "The Dr. Phil Show," from a Katie Couric special - from calling and cajoling her to come on their shows to talk about them.
I found myself thinking about Perlstein's media follies this week, when I read Tara Parker-Pope's article "The Myth of Rampant Teenage Promiscuity" in Science Times on Tuesday. For me it not only raised the issue of myth and reality
but also brought to mind the stories that we tell and what people are willing to hear.
Two sociologists in Philadelphia, Kathleen A. Bogle, of La Salle University, and Maria Kefalas, of St. Joseph's University, both specialists in teen sexual behavior, told Parker-Pope that they'd had to struggle mightily to get people out of their "moral panic" mindset, and make them understand that teens are not "in a downward spiral" or "out of control."
This reminded me of how the developmental psychologist Joseph Mahoney - and others - have had to fight to convince people that another much-discussed creature of our time, the Overscheduled Child, isn't as common or as stressed-out or even as busy as we commonly think.
It reminded me, too, of the Boy Crisis - how hard it has been for scholars who have taken a hard look at the boy/girl achievement numbers to counter the popular wisdom that boys are falling behind. And it reminded me of the Overmedicated Child, that particular trope of child corruption, soul theft and performance pressure that has for so long fascinated me.
In each of these examples, real problems -
are grossly simplified and, via the magical thinking of dogma and ideology, are elevated to the level of myth. Real complexities and nuances - details concerning exactly which children are suffering, flailing or failing, and in what numbers, and how and why, and what we can do about it - are lost.
That's no accident. After all, moral panics - particularly those concerning children - always serve some hidden purpose.
All the examples of child myth-making that I've mentioned here have to do, at base, with the perceived corruption of childhood, the loss of some kind of "natural" innocence.
When they depart from kernels of reality to rise to the level of myth, they are, I believe, largely projections that enable adults to evade things. Specifically, the overblown focus on messed-up kids affords parents the possibility of avoiding looking inward and taking responsibility for the highly complex problems of everyday life.
In the case of the allegedly lascivious Lolitas, Kefalas sees this flight from reality very clearly: "People don't want to hear about the economic context, the social context" to young teen sexual activity and teen pregnancy, she told me.
Certain kinds of children have certain kinds of vulnerabilities that make them particularly susceptible to the toxic elements of our culture.
This is true of those who do or don't fall victim to stress and anxiety, and it's true of those who do or don't engage in too-early, too-risky sex.
Certain kinds of policies can help children.
Certain kinds of parenting can help or hurt, too.
Having a family life that's so atomized and disconnected that children have the physical and emotional space to upload nude pictures of themselves onto the Internet, and lack the self-esteem and self-respect to know better is obviously undesirable. Being a stressed and frantic, frazzled and depressed parent is harmful, too.
If we parents hadn't created a world this high-pressured, if we hadn't, for decades, voted in policymakers who stripped away regulations that protected us, we wouldn't be so certain that other parents are "drugging" their kids to make them more high-performing, and we wouldn't have to be so fearful of the influence of Big Pharma.
Luthar is right: we - the adults in this society - are "a mess." I think it's time to stop projecting our dysfunction onto our children.