Research into positive aspects of adult child sexual relations
An anotated biography which may be of interest. I can also
refer you to a recent article in the Psychological Bulletin,
1998, Vol. 124, No. 1, Pgs. 22-53.
Arreola, Sonya, Torsten Neilands, Lance Pollack, Jay Paul
& Joseph Catania, Childhood sexual experiences and adult health sequelae among gay and
bisexual men: defining childhood sexual abuse - Journal of Sex Research, July-Sept, 2008
[...] There was no difference between the
consensual sex group and those who had no sex before age 18. The level
of well-being was significantly higher for the consensual group compared
with the 'no sex before 18' group and the forced sex group. The latter two
groups did not differ from each other on well-being.
consensual sex group was significantly more likely to have a higher
level of well-being than either of the other two groups.
that consensual sex before 18 years of age may have a positive effect,
perhaps as an adaptive milestone of adolescent sexual development.
The implications of these findings recommend that research move toward a
more mature understanding of childhood sexual experiences that includes
the subjective experience of childhood sex. [...]
Baurmann, M.C. Sexuality, violence, and Psychological After-Effects: A Longitudinal Study of Cases of Sexual Assault
Which Were Reported To The Police," Wiesbaden: Bundeskriminalamt, Germany, 1988.
The Summary of this book
Massive Longitudinal study of all reported victims of sexual offenses against minors in the German State of Lower Saxony
from 1969-1972, with six to ten year follow-up, under the direction of the German Ministry of Justice. Total sample is
over 8,000, including over 800 boys up to age 14. Violence and/or coercion were present in roughly half of the offenses
against girls, and were correlated with negative outcomes. None of the boys experienced force or coercion, and no
negative outcomes were observed for any of the boys. This is by far the most in depth study in the field.
Constantine, Larry L. "Effects of Early Sexual
Experiences: A Review and Synthesis of Research," in Constantine, L. L., Martinson,
F.M., (eds.) Children and Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1981.
Reviews 30 studies, most of which include child-adult contacts. Breaks down experiences by their consequences for the child: positive, neutral,
or negative. Examines relationships between several variables and observed outcomes. Concludes that 13 of these studies found that "for the majority
of subjects , there is essentially no harm; and six [other studies] even identified some subjects for whom, by self-evaluation or other criteria,
the childhood sexual encounter was a positive or possibly beneficial experience."
Constantine, Larry L. "Child Sexuality: Recent Developments and Implications for Treatment, Prevention, and Social Policy,"
International Journal of Medicine and Law, No. 2, pp. 55-67, 1983.
Reviews findings of above article. Discusses implications for treatment, prevention, and social policy. Includes proposals for
legal revisions. Among the findings of this major literature review: "The most important determinant in the outcome of adult-child sexual
encounters is the child 's perception of freedom of choice in partici- pating."
Baker, A. and Duncan, S. (1985) Child sexual abuse: A study of prevalence
in Great Britain. Child Abuse & Neglect, 9:457-467.
In a large-scale (n = 2019) community study in Great Britain, Baker & Duncan
that 51% report feeling harmed by the experience. Yet 49% would not say the experience had been harmful, and 4% actually report that the experience had
improved the quality of their lives.
Bender B. & Blau, A. "The reaction of Children to Sexual Relations With
Adults." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. No.7, pp.500-518, 1937.
Bender and Blau studied a group of 16 children 5 to 12 years of age who were having sexual contacts with adults, and then examined the same group
sixteen years later with A.L. Grugett and found "no problems which she felt
could reasonably be attributed to the sexual experiences."
Bernard, F. Pedophilia: Psychological consequences for the child. In Constantine,
L.L. & Martinson, F.M. (eds.) (1981). Children & Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. pp. 189-200.
In Bernard's (1981) study, 30 Dutch citizens recalled their childhood sexual experiences with adults. Of those cited in the write-up, most report
positive feelings toward the experience, including happy descriptions of youthful
initiation into sex.
Ingram, M. Participating victims: A study of sexual offenses with boys.
In Constantine, L.L. & Martinson, F.M. (eds.) (1981). Children & Sex: New
Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little, Brown & Co. pp. 177-188.
Ingram (1981) examined ninety-two cases of boys brought to his private practice in Great Britain for psychiatric treatment following sexual
involvement with adults. Ingram concludes that "I do not think ... that any of the children were worse off for the activity; many, no doubt, may
be better off for a relationship with a loving adult" (p. 186).
Jones, G.P. "The Study of intergenerational Intimacy in North America: Beyond Politics and Pedophilia," Journal of Homosexuality,
Vol. 20, pp. 275-295, 1990.
Kilpatrick, Allie C., Long Range Effects of Child and Adolescent Sexual
Experiences: Myths, Mores, and Menaces. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992.
Presents findings and recommendations from a survey of 501 subjects. "Within the definition of victimology currently employed by many
researchers is the assumption that children, who have sexual experiences with or propositions from persons who are 5 or more years older than
they, are automatically victimized, and harm is done. The findings of this study repudiate such an assumption."
Kilpatrick, Allie C. "Childhood sexual experiences: problems and issues
in studying long range effects." The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 23, ppg 173-96, May 87.
Leahy, Terry, Negotiating
Stigma: Approaches to Intergenerational Sex, PhD thesis.
PhD thesis presented to the University of New South Wales, 1991.
First published in January 2002 by Books Reborn.
[In Booksreborn:] PDF
In Libray 3 as Html files (here):
Money, John. "Juvenile, Pedophile, Heterophile: Hermeneutics of Science, Medicine and Law in Two Outcome Studies,"International
Journal of Medicine and Law, No. 2, pp. 33-54, 1983.
Unusually detailed investigation of two consensual long-term "pedophiliac" relationships. Long-term, prospective case studies
find relationships to be non-harmful and possibly beneficial for both partners. Money is among the most widely cited American authors on
human sexology, sexuality, and gender development.
Okami, Paul. "Self-reports of 'Positive' Childhood and Adolescent
Sexual Contacts with Older Persons: An Exploratory Study," Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 20, pp. 437-457, 1991.
Examines how contacts are perceived by the younger partner in later life. Investigates relationships between "positive" self-assessment
and several variables.
Okami, Paul. "Child Perpetrators of Sexual Abuse: The Emergence of a
Problematic Deviant Category," Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 109-130, Feb. 1992.
Discusses the nature and origins of recent attacks against sexual expression by young people. Finds much of the literature on the subject
of sexual contacts between minors to be scientifically unsound. Highly recommended reading.
Okami, Paul and Goldberg, Amy. "Personality Correlates of Pedophilia:
Are They Reliable Indicators?" Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 297-328, Aug. 1992.
Critical and extensive review of the literature.
Okami, Paul. "Sociopolitical Biases in the Contemporary Scientific
Literature on Adult Human Sexual Behavior with Children and Adolescents," in
Feierman, J. (ed.) Pedophilia: Biosocial Dimensions. New York: Springer Verlag, 1990.
Rind, Bruce, & Bauserman, Robert. "Biased terminology effects and biased
information processing research on adult-nonadult sexual interactions: an empirical investigation." The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 30, pp. 260-9,
This journal article shows that much of the scientific research in this area is biased. (It has an excellent
Rivas, Titus, I
have only good feelings about what happened; Early erotic experiences of
Because I had such a positive experience as a child I believe that I can say
with absolute certainty that sometimes such relationships can be very
Cases of positive memories of erotic relationships and
contacts of children with adults, as seen from the perspective of the former
minor - a data base - 2009
A collection of 75 positive memories of intergenerational
relationships and contacts of children with adults.
Sandfort, Theo. "Sex in Pedophiliac Relationships: An Empirical Investigation Among a Nonrepresentative Group of Boys,"
Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 123-142, May, 1984.
Investigates twenty-five ongoing consensual long-term "pedophiliac" relationships. "The sexual contacts were found to have had no
negative influence upon the boys' sense of general well-being, nor did the boys perceive in these contacts a misuse of authority by the
adult." (Quoted from the Abstract)
Tindall, R. H., "The Male Adolescent Involved With a Pederast Becomes
an Adult," Journal of Homosexuality, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 373-382, 1978.
Longitudinal study of nine cases covering a span of over thirty years. Finds the relationships to be non-harmful, with positive benefits in