ABC.net, Australia, Indian
study reveals widespread child abuse; April 9, 2007
Two out of three of the 12,446 respondents between the ages of five and 18 had been physically abused, which included slapping, kicking or
beating with a stick, the study said, in most cases by parents or teachers.
More than 50 per cent had been sexually abused in ways that ranged from severe, such as rape or fondling, to milder forms of molestation that
included forcible kissing.
The study also interviewed 2,324 young adults between the ages of 18 and 24, almost half of whom reported being physically or sexually abused as
A fifth of the child respondents had experienced severe sexual abuse, the study said, and in almost 80 per cent of the cases the abuser was a
person well known by the child.
Anda, Robert F., [... & others], Abused Boys, Battered Mothers, and Male
Involvement in Teen Pregnancy, ELECTRONIC ARTICLE in: PEDIATRICS Vol.
107 No. 2 February 2001, p. e19
Arreola, Sonya, Torsten Neilands, Lance Pollack, Jay Paul
& Joseph Catania, Childhood
sexual experiences and adult health sequelae among gay and bisexual men:
defining childhood sexual abuse - Journal of Sex Research,
[...] There was no difference between the consensual sex group and
those who had no sex before age 18. The level of well-being was
significantly higher for the consensual group compared with the 'no sex
before 18' group and the forced sex group. The latter two groups did not
differ from each other on well-being.
[...] the consensual sex group was significantly more likely to have a
higher level of well-being than either of the other two groups.
This suggests that consensual sex before 18 years of age may have a
positive effect, perhaps as an adaptive milestone of adolescent sexual
The implications of these findings recommend that research move toward a
more mature understanding of childhood sexual experiences that includes
the subjective experience of childhood sex. [...]
Baurmann, Michael C., Sexuality,
Violence and Psychological After-Effects, A
longitudinal study of cases of sexual assault which are reported to the police; English
Summary on pages 523-533 of 'Sexualität, Gewalt und psychische Folgen:
Eine Längschnittuntersuchung bei Opfern sexueller Gewalt un sexuellen Norm-verletzungen
anhand von angezeigten Sexualkontakten (Wiesbaden, Bundeskriminalamt
Forschungsreihe Nr. 15, 1983)'.
To recapitulate, only half of the declared victims (51.8%) of indecent assault
suffered from injuries or even severe trauma. The other 48.2% had no problems in
connection with the experience. In most of these cases the sexual offense was relatively
superficial and harmless and/or the "victim" consented to the offense.
Many experts in the field of prevention have assumed that sexual victims without
primary injuries are rare. It certainly appears that this opinion must be re-evaluated.
Adults who have the opinion that any sexual behavior is traumatic for children and young
people have to face the fact that in many cases the young person becomes a victim only
because grown-ups expect him or her to become a victim. On the basis of this expectation
they act in such a way that the child really is victimized.
"Highlights" from Baurmann; Translated quotes from
Michael C. Baurmann, Sexualität, Gewalt und psychische
Folgen: Ein Längschnittuntersuchung bei Opfern sexueller Gewalt und
sexuellen Norm-verletzungen anhand von angeziegten Sexualkontakten
(Wiesbaden, Bundeskriminalamt Forschungsreihe Nr. 15, 1983)
Looking at the effects of criminal sexual acts
on the declared victim, it turned out that many reported sexual contacts
did not cause any harm at all. From this, it follows that the uncritical
use of terms like "victim" and "harmed" is, for a
large portion of those who are registered as sexual victims,
Obviously, the words "victim" and "harmed"
strongly imply that the person in question has been injured. But for
many of the persons interviewed here who became known as victims, these
terms just do not apply.
Chen, Laura P. et al. - Sexual
abuse and lifetime diagnosis of psychiatric disorders -
Systematic review and meta-analysis
Mayo Clinic Proceedings, July 31, 2011
There was no statistically significant association between sexual abuse and a
diagnosis of schizophrenia or somatoform disorders.
No longitudinal studies that assessed bipolar disorder or
obsessive-compulsive disorder were found.
Associations between sexual abuse and depression, eating disorders,
and posttraumatic stress disorder were strengthened by a history of
Conclusion: A history of sexual abuse is associated with an increased
risk of a lifetime diagnosis of multiple psychiatric disorders.
Finkelhor, Davind & Jones, Lisa M., Child Sexual Abuse Has Declined
- Quotes and highlights from: Child Sexual Abuse Has Declined, David Finkelhor and Lisa M.
Jones; in: Child Sexual Abuse. Ed. Angela Lewis. At Issue Series. San
Diego; Greenhaven Press, 2005.
Between 1992 and 2000, the number of substantiated cases of child sexual abuse declined by 40 percent. The decline may be partially
due to decreased reporting and changes in the procedures used by child protective services (CPS) agencies. However, there is strong
evidence that a real decline in child sexual abuse occurred.
Cfr: Jones, Lisa and David Finkelhor, The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases,
Juvenile Justice bulletin,
In Ipce Library: Highlights &
While the evidence demonstrates that a dramatic decline in reports and
substantiated cases of child sexual abuse has occurred, the reasons for the
decline are less clear.
Irvine, Martha & Tanner, Robert; Sexual misconduct plagues US
schools; AP counts 2,500 teachers punished in 5 years; AP October 20, 2007
An Associated Press investigation found more than 2,500 cases over five years in which educators were punished for actions from bizarre to
Abuse also is treated with misplaced fascination in American culture.
Malón, Agustín, Onanism and Child Sexual Abuse;
A Comparative Study of Two Hypotheses;
Journal Archives of Sexual Behavior,
February 18, 2009
In the last three decades of the previous century, a social anxiety
emerged regarding child sexual abuse (CSA), with the appearance of news
reports, stories, data, self-proclaimed experts, and legislation
relating to a type of experience that today is a staple of the media,
the professional literature, and, of course, the collective imagination.
This public and media preoccupation, usually tinged with alarmism, would
come to be sustained by scientific claims that characterized all erotic
relations between minors and adults as pervasively, inevitably, and
A study of the origins of this current phenomenon brings us to
developments in the Western world, especially in the United States, in
the second half of the twentieth century.
These analytical perspectives
ultimately allows us to compare CSA in a socio-historical context with
others of past epochs, such as the obsession with anti-onanism of the
eighteenth through the twentieth centuries, because in both cases it was
a matter of a scientifically articulated cultural narrative in which
childhood and eroticism were joined together in an equation of
harmfulness as well as individual and collective suffering.
The failed hypothesis of Onanism and the faulted and failing hypothesis
of CSA are ultimately intertwined. The second is heir to the first in
that the historical continuity and parallelism are self-evident [...]
Malón, Augustín, On the Iatrogenic Nature of the Child Sexual Abuse Discourse;
Journal Sexuality & Culture, February 27, 2009
The current media obfuscation,
exaggeration, and exploitation, which are endorsed by some activists and
are not adequately examined and challenged by academics and
professionals, are counterproductive to rationality in both academic and
public deliberations, and decisions in these matters in all probability
materially contribute to the iatrogenic problems to be discussed later
in this paper.
Nicolaï, N. J., The
Consequences of Sexual Abuse of Minors - On behalf of the
Commission for Examination of Sexual Abuse of Minors in the
Roman-Catholic Church [* in the Netherlands]; In: Rapport Commissie
Deetman, Balans, 2011, Part 2. Summary and conclusions in English by
Frans E J Gieles, PhD.
In this essay, sexual abuse is, conform the scientific and
juridical mores, defined as "... sexual-genital manipulation of a child below the age of
sixteen, by an adult of whom the child is dependent or with whom he or
she has a relationship of confidence, with the aim of satisfaction of
the sexual need of the first. [...] There is an age difference, and/or
a difference in power, by which the child is not able to refuse the
sexual contact, which is not consensual."
Research of the later consequences of sexual abuse is done in three
phases or generations of research.
The most recent research explores what has appeared to be the most
central factor: disturbance of the stress regulation.
There is consensus about harm for the physical and emotional health,
especially the attachment and sexuality, even if
the consequences are invisible at first sight. They are just
like a time bomb, that explodes as soon as, in adulthood,
the impact of the events becomes significant.
Paolucci, Elisabeth; Genius, Mark &
Violato, Claudio, 'Meta-analysis
of published research on the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA)' ,
Journal of Psychology (2001, 135, 1, 17-36
A meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of child sexual
abuse (CSA) was undertaken for 6 outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder
(PTSD), depression, suicide, sexual promiscuity, victim-perpetrator
cycle, and poor academic performance. [...]
All six dependent variables were coded, and effect sizes (d) were
computed for each outcome. Average unweighted and weighted ds for
each of the respective outcome variables were
.50 and .40 for PTSD,
.63 and .44 for
.64 and .44 for
.59 and .29 for sexual
.41 and .16 for
victim-perpetrator cycle, and
.24 and .19 for [poor]
[...] The analyses provide clear evidence confirming the
link between CSA and subsequent negative short- and long-term effects on
development. [...] The results of the present meta-analysis support the
multifaceted model of traumatization rather than a specific sexual abuse
syndrome of CSA.
Rivedal, Karen, Sex
crimes that shock most are rare; Madison.com, 608-252-6106, March 4,
Federal statistics show such crimes, especially involving children, are very rare.
Less than 1 percent of all sex crimes involve murder, and the vast majority of sexually abused children - 60 percent to 80 percent - are
molested by family members or close friends and acquaintances. Nearly 90 percent of adult victims know their assailants, according to the U.S.
Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Stinson, Michael A., Child Sex Abuse: How Did We Get Here?
Philadephia got a wake-up call this week; Philadelphia, Aug. 31, 2006
Our survey found that almost one in four adult Philadelphians (23.7
percent) reported being sexually abused as a child. Using 2000
census figures, that's more than 270,000 adults. And, over the last
three years, one in seven adults said, they were concerned that a
child they knew was being sexually abused. In that same period, one
in 16 adults said, they were concerned that someone they knew
exhibited sexual behavior directed at a child. That's more than
26,000 possible child victims and more than 71,000 possible adult
perpetrators right here in Philadelphia.
BlueRibbon, In reply to
Child Sex Abuse: How Did We Get Here?
OK, so to begin with, the number '23.7%' relates to people who say they've had sexual contact as children. It does not mean they were
abused, unless you think all sexual contact involving children and older
people is abuse. So, already we know we are dealing with dishonest people who will twist their statistics to gain bigger headlines, and
obtain more research grants from the government.
Quotes & highlights from:
Wetzstein, Cheryl, The Complex Nature of Child Sexual
Abuse; in: Child Abuse. Ed. Bryan J. Grapes. Contemporary Issues Companion
Series. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2001.
This article, "The Child Molestation Dilemma," by Cheryl
Wetzstein, appeared in the November 1996 issue and is reprinted with permission
from The World & I.
The article give some recidivism rates, and statistics like this
450,000 children, most of whom are teenagers, run away from home and stay away at least one night.
354,000 children are abducted by a family member, typically a non-custodial parent.
127,100 children are "thrown away," that is, abandoned or ejected from their homes.
114,600 cases of attempted abduction by a non-family member are reported.
3,200 to 4,600 children are reported abducted by non-family members.