References, as far as mentioned in the quotes

Abel, G. G., Gore, D. K., Holland, C. L., Camp, N., Becker, J. V., & Rathner, B. A. (1989). Theme asurement of the cognitive distortions of child molesters. Annals of Sex Research, 2,135–153.

Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 49–74.

Bandura, A. (1990). Mechanisms of moral disengagement. In W. Reich (Ed.), Origins of terrorism: Psychologies, ideologies, theologies, states of mind (pp. 161–191). Cambridge: CambridgeUniversity Press.

Beck, A. T. (1963). Thinking and depression: 1. Idiosyncratic content and cognitive distortions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 324–333.

Beech, A., & Mann, R. (2002). Recent developments in the assessment and treatment of sexual offenders. In J. McGuire (Ed.), Offender rehabilitation and treatment: Effective programmes and policies to reduce re-offending (pp. 259–288). Chichester: Wiley.

Beyko, M. J., & Wong, S. C. P. (2005). Predictors of treatment attrition as indicators for program improvement not offender shortcomings: A study of sex offender treatment attrition. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17, 375–389.

Bies, R. J. (1987). The predicament of injustice: The management of moral outrage. Research in Organizational Behavior, 9, 289–319.

Blumenthal, S., Gudjonsson, G., & Burns, J. (1999). Cognitive distortions and blame attribution in sex offenders against adults and children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 23, 129–143.

Bovens, M. (1998). The quest for responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, shame and reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Braithwaite, J., & Braithwaite, V. (2001). Shame, shame management and regulation. In E. Ahmed, N. Harris, J. Braithwaite, & V. Braithwaite (Eds.), Shame management through reintegration (pp. 3–18). Cambridge: University of Cambridge.

Brickman, P., Rabinowitz, V. C., Karuza, J., Coates, D., Cohn, E., & Kidder, L. (1982). Models of helping and coping. American Psychologist, 37, 368–384.

Bumby, K. (1995). Assessing the cognitive distortions of child molesters and rapists: Development and validation of the RAPE and MOLEST scales. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 8, 37–54.

Covington, J. (1984). Insulation from labeling: Deviant defenses in treatment. Criminology, 22,619–644.

Dodge, K. A. (1993). Social-cognitive mechanisms in the development of conduct disorder and depression. Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 559–584.

Drieschner, K., & Lange, A. (1999). A review of cognitive factors in the etiology of rape: Theories, empirical studies and implications. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 57–77.

Finkelhor, D. (1984). Child sexual abuse: New theory and research. New York: Free Press.

Fox, K. (1999a). Changing violent minds: Discursive correction and resistance in the cognitive treatment of offenders in treatment. Social Problems, 46, 88–103.172

Fox, K. (1999b). Reproducing criminal types: Cognitive treatment for violent offenders in prison. Sociological Quarterly, 40, 435–453.

Gannon, T. A., & Polaschek, D. L. L. (in press). Cognitive distortions in child molesters: A re-examination of key theories and research. Clinical Psychology Review.

Hanson, R. K., & Bussiere, M. T. (1998). Predicting relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 348–362.

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 1154–1163.

Hanson, R. K., & Slater, S. (1988). Sexual victimization in the history of sexual abusers: A review. Annals of Sex Research, 1, 485–499.

Hanson, R. K., & Wallace-Capretta, S. (2000). Predicting recidivism among male batterers.Ottawa: Department of the Solicitor General.

Harris, N., & Maruna, S. (2005). Shame, shaming and restorative justice: A critical appraisal. In D. Sullivan & L. Tifft (Eds.), Handbook of restorative justice: A global perspective (pp. 452–462). New York: Routledge.

Hartley, C. C. (1998). How incest offenders overcome internal inhibitions through the use of cognitions and cognitive distortions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13, 25–39.

Hood, R., Shute, S., Feilzer, M., & Wilcox, A. (2002). Sex offenders emerging from long-term imprisonment: A study of their long-term reconviction rates and of parole board members’ judgements of their risk. British Journal of Criminology, 42, 371–394.

Kendall, K., & Pollack, S. (2003). Cognitive behaviorialism in women’s prisons: A critical analysis of therapeutic assumptions and practices. In B. Bloom (Ed.), Gendered justice: Addressing female offenders (pp. 69–96). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Lemert, E. M. (1951). Social pathology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lund, C. A. (2000). Predictors of sexual recidivism: Did meta-analysis clarify the role and relevance of denial? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 275–287.

Maletzky, B. M. (1996). Denial of treatment or treatment of denial? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 275–287.

Mann, R. E., & Hollin, C. R. (2006). Sexual offenders explanations for their offending. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Mann, R. E., & Webster, S. (2001). Explanations or excuses? Unpublished paper, available from HM Prison Service, Abell House, John Islip Street, London, England.

Mann, R. E., Webster, S. D., Wakeling, H. C. & Marshall, W. L. (2006). The measurement and influence of child sexual abuse supportive beliefs. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Marshall, W. L., Fernandez, Y. M., Serran, G. A., Mulloy, R., Thornton, D., Mann, R. E., & Anderson, D. (2003). Process variables in the treatment of sexual offenders: A review of the relevant literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal, 8, 205–234.

Marshall, W. L., Serran, G. A., Fernandez, Y. M., Mulloy, R., Mann, R. E., & Thornton, D. (2003). Therapist characteristics in the treatment of sexual offenders: Tentative data on their relationship with indices of behaviour change. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 9, 25–30.

Marshall, W. L., Thornton, D., Marshall, L.E., Fernandez, Y.M., & Mann, R. (2001). Treatment of sexual offenders who are in categorical denial: A pilot program. Sexual Abuse: A Journal ofResearch and Treatment, 13, 205–215.

Maruna, S. (2001). Making good: How ex-convicts reform and rebuild their lives. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

Maruna, S. (2004). Desistance and explanatory style: A new direction in the psychology of reform. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 20, 184–200.

McCaghy, C. H. (1968). Drinking and deviance disavowal: The case of child molesters. Social Problems, 16, 43–49.

McGrath, R. J., Cumming, G. F., & Burchard, B. L. (2003). Current practices and trends in sexualabuser management. Brandon, VT: Safer Society.

Miller, D. T. (2001). Disrespect and the experience of injustice. Annual Review of Psychology, 52,527–553.

Murphy, W. D. (1990). Assessment and modification of cognitive distortions in sex offenders. In W. L. Marshall, D. R. Laws, & H. E. Barbaree (Eds.), Handbook of sexual assault (pp. 331–342).New York: Plenum Press.

Murphy, C., & Baxter, V. (1997). Motivating batterers to change in the treatment context. Journa lof Interpersonal Violence, 12, 607–612.

Neidigh, L., & Krop, H. (1992). Cognitive distortions among child sexual offenders. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 18, 208–215.

Paulhus, D. L. (1984). Two component models of socially desirable responding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 598–609.

Peterson, C. (2000). The future of optimism. American Psychologist, 55, 44–55.

Salter, A. C. (1988). Treating child sex offenders and their victims: A practical guide. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publication.

Samenow, S. (1984). Inside the criminal mind. New York: Times Books.

Schlenker, B. R., Pontari, B. A., & Christopher, A. N. (2001). Excuses and character: Personal and social implications of excuses. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 15–32.

Schneider, S. L., & Wright, R. C. (2004). Understanding denial in sexual offenders: A review of cognitive and motivational processes to avoid responsibility. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 5, 3–20.

Scully, D., & Marolla, J. (1984). Convicted rapists’ vocabulary of motive: Excuses and justifications. Social Problems, 31, 530–544.

Segal, Z. V., & Stermac, L. E. (1990). The role of cognition in sexual assault. In W. L. Marshall, D. R. Laws, & H. E. Barbaree (Eds.), Handbook of sexual assault (pp. 161–174). New York: Plenum Press.

Seligman, M. E. P. (1991). Learned optimism. New York: Knopf.

Sharp, B. D. (2000). Changing criminal thinking: A treatment program. Lanham, MD: AmericanCorrectional Association.

Snyder, C. R., & Higgins, R. L. (1988). Excuses: Their effective role in the negotiation of reality. Psychological Bulletin, 104, 23–35.

Stefanakis, H. (1998). Desistence from violence: Men’s stories of identity transformation. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Guelph.

Sykes, G. M., & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralisation: A theory of delinquency. American Sociological Review, 22, 664–673.

Taylor, S. E. (1989). Positive illusions: Creative self-deception and the healthy mind. New York: Basic Books.

Ward, T. (2000). Sexual offenders’ cognitive distortions as implicit theories. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 5, 491–507.

Ward, T., & Brown, M. (2004). The good lives model and conceptual issues in offender rehabilitation. Psychology, Crime and Law, 10, 243–257.

Ward, T., Hudson, S. M., Johnston, L., & Marshall, W. L. (1997). Cognitive distortions in sex offenders: An integrative review. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 479–507.

Weiner, B., Folkes, V. S., Amirkham, J., & Verette, J. (1987). An attributional analysis of excuse giving: Studies of a na?¨ve theory of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 316–324.

Yochelson, S., & Samenow, S. E. (1977). The criminal personality: The change process (Vol. II). New York: Jason Aronson.

Zuckerman, M. (1979). Attribution of success and failure revisited, or: The motivation bias is alive and well in attribution theory. Journal of Personality, 47, 245–287.